Legal Landscape of CBD Oil in Europe

While CBD oil has a long history in other parts of the world, its introduction to Europe is relatively recent. CBD oil has become more mainstream in recent years, and its legal status has become more apparent in many European countries. The European Union has established a regulatory framework for the production and sale of CBD oil. Many countries have followed suit, with some allowing it to be sold over the counter in pharmacies.

Marijuana and CBD legality by country:

CountryLegal Status of CBD (Canabidiol): ✔️ or ❌ Legal Status of Marijuana:
✔️ or ❌ or ⚠️
United Kingdom✔️
Switzerland✔️⚠️ Illegal for recreational use
Netherlands✔️✔️ Decriminalized (coffee shops can sell small amounts)
Portugal✔️✔️ Decriminalized (for personal use)
Luxembourg✔️✔️ Decriminalized (for personal use)
Czech Republic✔️✔️ Decriminalized (for personal use)
✔️ (Legal, subject to strict regulation) or ❌ (Illegal) or ⚠️ (Restricted) (2013-02)
Info based on Government websites, Drug policy organizations and Medical and scientific journals

It’s important to note that the legal status of CBD can change quickly and may vary depending on the specific product, the amount of THC it contains, and the intended use. This table provides a general overview and may not be fully up-to-date or applicable in all situations. Before using or purchasing CBD products, it’s always best to check the specific laws and regulations in your country or region.

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Why different countries have different CBD laws?

Legal status:As outlined in the previous table, some countries have stricter regulations regarding the use and sale of CBD than others. In countries where CBD is illegal, obtaining high-quality products or using CBD freely without fear of legal repercussions may be more challenging.
Availability:In some countries, CBD products may be more widely available in physical stores, online, or both. Availability can affect the accessibility and convenience of using CBD.
Quality:The quality of CBD products can vary greatly and may depend on the specific regulations and oversight in each country. In countries with stricter regulations, the quality of products may be more consistent, but this is only sometimes the case.
Price:The price of CBD products can also vary significantly between countries and may depend on some factors, such as availability, quality, and demand.
Countries’ comparison for CBD and Marijuana Legalty

It’s worth noting that while some countries may have more favorable conditions for CBD, it’s still important to carefully research and choose high-quality products, regardless of the country of origin. Additionally, it’s important always to check the specific laws and regulations regarding CBD in your country or region, as they can change quickly.

cbd legality by country europe

History of CBD oil in Europe

The use of hemp-derived products, including CBD oil, has a long history in Europe. Hemp has been cultivated for thousands of years for its fiber, seeds, and oil. It wasn’t until the 20th century that concerns about the psychoactive effects of marijuana led to restrictions on the cultivation and use of hemp and its derivatives.

The first mention of CBD oil in Europe can be traced back to the late 1990s and early 2000s when it began to be imported from countries such as the United States and Canada as a dietary supplement. At that time, the legal status of CBD oil in Europe was uncertain, with some countries treating it as a food supplement while others classified it as a medicine.

However, in recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in the potential health benefits of CBD, and a growing body of research has begun to explore its use for various medical conditions. Despite this, the legal status of CBD remains confusing and inconsistent across Europe, with some countries taking a more permissive approach while others maintain strict restrictions.

Nevertheless, the increasing popularity and growing body of research into the effects of CBD have led many to believe that it has a promising future as a complementary or alternative treatment for a wide range of medical conditions.

europe flags cbd laws


The short answer to whether CBD is legal is that it depends. With the rise in popularity of products containing CBD, many people are curious about the legality of the cannabinoid. CBD, or Cannabidiol, is one of the active compounds found in the Cannabis plant. Unlike THC, the other main compound found in Cannabis, CBD does not produce a high when consumed. CBD is proving to be a popular health supplement because of its potential to help with anxiety and other health concerns.

Today, CBD is legal in many countries, with some restrictions. Generally speaking, CBD is legal when derived from hemp, which is a form of Cannabis sativa with a maximum THC concentration of 0,2% (or 0,3% in the US). CBD derived from marijuana, on the other hand, is mostly illegal outside of countries that have legalized recreational marijuana use. This is because marijuana typically contains much higher levels of THC, which is the psychoactive compound responsible for producing a high.

Additionally, the legality of CBD can also vary by country or state. In the United States, for example, the 2018 FarmBill legalized Hemp-derived CBD that contains 0.3% or less THC. Any CBD product that contains more than 0.3% THC would be considered marijuana, and would thus be illegal. Other countries may have different laws regarding the legality of CBD. It is important to check the local laws before purchasing any CBD product.

FAQ about CBD legality

✔️ CBD is legal in Europe with some restrictions and regulations by country. The EU has set a 0.2% THC limit for hemp-derived CBD. Regulations vary by country.

Can I buy and use CBD in all European countries?

❌ No, regulations on CBD vary by country. Check local laws before purchasing or using CBD.

✔️ Yes, medical CBD is legal in Europe but regulations vary by country. Check local laws before using medical CBD.

What if I bring CBD to a country with stricter laws?

❌ It’s not recommended to bring CBD to countries with stricter laws, as legal consequences may occur. Check local laws before traveling with CBD.