Full Spectrum vs Broad Spectrum vs CBD Isolate

Aristotle taught us “the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.” Now that single-compound and synthetic cannabinoid products have been introduced to the health and wellness market, it’s more important than ever to understand the differences between Full Spectrum vs Broad Spectrum vs CBD Isolate.

What does Full or Broad Spectrum Phytocannabinoids Mean?

Broad-spectrum phytocannabinoids refer to the full range of naturally occurring cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. This includes Cannabidiol (CBD), Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), Cannabigerol (CBG), Cannabichromene (CBC), and over 100 other cannabinoids.

Full-spectrum phytocannabinoids refer to the cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant, including CBD, THC, CBG, CBC, and other cannabinoids.

Both broad-spectrum and full-spectrum phytocannabinoids have been shown to have therapeutic benefits. The main difference between the two is that full-spectrum phytocannabinoids contain THC, which is the psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. Broad-spectrum phytocannabinoids do not contain THC.

The whole-plant principle is utilised in many cultures, including modern Western herbalism. The concept is that the activity of the plant is safer, more trustworthy, and more effective than extracting isolated chemical compounds from various parts of the plant.

Full Spectrum vs Broad Spectrum vs CBD Isolate

Hemp contains a vast array of over 400 compounds like cannabidiol (CBD), secondary phytocannabinoids, terpenoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. It has an internal “checks and balances” system. These compounds work in unison to heighten the positive, therapeutic effects of cannabidiol and naturally offset any less desired compounds that come along with the plant.

When certain plants have single compounds extracted, these compounds can be toxic, like morphine from the poppy plant or cocaine from the coca leaf. It’s the combination of other plant compounds and chemicals that can inhibit harsh effects.
It’s also crucial to consider the quality of non-GMO breeding.

What is CBD Isolate?

The 2nd question what is CBD isolate? CBD isolate is a crystalline solid or powder that contains pure CBD (cannabidiol) molecule. It is produced by extracting cannabidiol from the cannabis plant and then purifying it through various filtration and distillation processes to remove all other plant materials, including other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and waxes.

The resulting product is a 99% pure CBD extract, with no other compounds or substances present. CBD isolate is often used in products such as oils, edibles, and topicals as it is odorless and tasteless, and can easily be added to other ingredients. It is also popular among people who prefer to use pure CBD without any other cannabinoids or terpenes.

types of cbd

What is the Entourage Effect?

In 1998, two Israeli scientists came up with the term “The Entourage Effect” to explain their study findings that taking all of the natural chemicals found in cannabis is more beneficial than taking just a single molecule compound. So what is the entourage effect actually?

The entourage effect refers to the synergistic interaction of various compounds (such as cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids) found in the cannabis plant. These compounds work together to produce a stronger effect than any one compound on its own. For example, THC and CBD are two cannabinoids that have been studied extensively for their therapeutic effects, but when combined with other compounds found in the plant, such as terpenes, they can produce even more potent therapeutic effects. The entourage effect is often cited as a reason to use full-spectrum or whole-plant cannabis products rather than isolated compounds.

Cannabis Entourage Effect

Hemp has a sizeable entourage of phyto-cannabinoids, which are specialised chemical compounds. The ringleader is cannabidiol (CBD), the non-psychoactive cannabinoid that has shown to have the most wellness potential in hemp. Other cannabinoids such as tetrahydrocannabinol, tetrahydrocannabivarin, cannabigerol, cannabichromene, and cannabinol accompany it.

This group of cannabinoids works in harmony with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), a vital receptor system found in the immune system, the central nervous system, the brain, organs, connective tissue, and glands. This relationship affects many of our crucial biological processes like sleep, digestion, cognition, appetite, pain management, hormone health, and inflammation response to name a few.

what is the entourage effect

The role of terpenes, a large class of aromatic and flavorful organic hydrocarbons, is also being widely explored for its significant influence in whole plant care. Terpenes are the building blocks for plant hormones, sterols, pigments, and cannabinoids. They’ve been shown to cooperate with the ECS and the immune, nervous, and gastrointestinal systems.

Researchers have identified approximately 20 flavonoids in the cannabis plant. Flavonoids are a large phytonutrient family that are well known for producing the non-green colors in plants, like the red in raspberries. They are also high in antioxidants. Together with cannabidiol, terpenes, and other cannabis phytonutrients, hemp flavonoids are being researched for their potential health benefits.

In conclusion, full spectrum vs broad spectrum extracts offer unique benefits and properties. They are able to orchestrate groups of chemical compounds that have significant impacts on human health and wellbeing. In addition, it is well established that Full Spectrum products are more effective than Isolate based products.

FAQ about Different Types of Cannabinoids

What is Full Spectrum CBD?

Full Spectrum CBD contains all of the cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant compounds found in hemp, including up to 0.3% THC. This may enhance the potential therapeutic benefits of CBD through the “entourage effect”, where the different compounds work together synergistically.

What is Broad Spectrum CBD?

Broad Spectrum CBD contains all of the cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant compounds found in hemp, except for THC. This may provide similar potential therapeutic benefits as Full Spectrum CBD without the psychoactive effects of THC.

What is CBD Isolate?

CBD Isolate is a pure crystalline powder that contains only CBD and no other plant compounds. This may be beneficial for those who want to avoid all other compounds found in hemp and those who undergo drug testing.

How do I choose between Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and CBD Isolate?

The choice between Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and CBD Isolate depends on your individual needs and preferences. Full Spectrum may be beneficial for those who want to experience the full potential therapeutic benefits of hemp, while Broad Spectrum may be ideal for those who want to avoid THC. CBD Isolate may be best for those who want pure CBD and no other compounds.

Will Full Spectrum CBD make me high?

Full Spectrum CBD contains up to 0.3% THC, which is not enough to cause psychoactive effects for most people. However, it may cause a positive result on a drug test.

Is Broad Spectrum CBD as effective as Full Spectrum CBD?

Broad Spectrum CBD may provide similar potential therapeutic benefits as Full Spectrum CBD without the psychoactive effects of THC. However, the “entourage effect” may be less pronounced.

Is CBD Isolate safe?

CBD Isolate is generally considered safe, but it may not provide the same potential therapeutic benefits as Full Spectrum or Broad Spectrum CBD. It’s important to choose a reputable brand and consult with a healthcare professional before using any CBD product.