What are CBD Terpenes? Limonene Terpene and more

Terpenes are aromatic compounds that are found in many plants, including cannabis. While they are often known for their role in giving plants their unique aroma and flavor, terpenes may also have therapeutic effects on the body. In combination with cannabinoids like CBD, terpenes may work together to enhance the potential benefits of these compounds, a phenomenon known as the entourage effect. In this article, we’ll delve into the world of CBD terpenes. Also exploring the various terpenes found in cannabis and their potential effects on the body. We’ll also discuss the entourage effect and how it may play a role in the therapeutic potential of CBD and other cannabis compounds.

what is terpene

FAQ about CBD terpenes

What are terpenes and what is their role in cannabis?

Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in many plants, including cannabis. They are known for giving plants their unique aroma and flavor and may also have therapeutic effects on the body.

How do terpenes interact with cannabinoids like CBD in the cannabis plant?

Terpenes may enhance the potential benefits of cannabinoids like CBD through a phenomenon called the entourage effect, which means that the various compounds and mediators in the cannabis plant must work together for the best therapeutic effects.

Are there different types of terpenes found in cannabis?

Yes, there are over 100 terpenes found in cannabis, each with its own unique aroma and potential therapeutic effects. Some common terpenes found in cannabis include myrcene, limonene, and pinene.

What are the potential therapeutic effects of terpenes in cannabis?

The potential therapeutic effects of terpenes in cannabis vary depending on the specific terpene. Some terpenes have anti-inflammatory, relaxant, antifungal, antibacterial, or bronchodilator effects, among others.

What is the entourage effect and how does it relate to the therapeutic potential of cannabis?

The entourage effect refers to the idea that the various compounds and mediators in the cannabis plant must work together for the best therapeutic effects. This suggests that using the whole plant, rather than just isolated cannabinoids like CBD or THC, may be the most effective way to feel the therapeutic effects of cannabis.

What are hemp terpenes?

Terpenes are familiar to you because you have been exposed to them all your life; in other words, terpenes give an orange its characteristic citrusy smell. They also provide pine trees with their unique aroma and even account for the relaxing effects of lavender (Linalool Odour-Induced Anxiolytic Effects in Mice, Hiroki Harada).

By the way, you probably thought that cannabinoids were the compounds in the cannabis or industrial hemp plants that cause the effects, right? While this is true, it has also been found that terpenes can also play a prominent role in this process. Cannabinoids and terpenes work together in what is known as the entourage effect.

The Entourage Effect means that cannabinoids such as THC and CBD, along with hundreds of other compounds and mediators, must work together. The whole plant does the best job, not just one compound. Although relief is provided by CBD oil or THC oil, it is usually the whole plant used to improve conditions. They were using all the compounds and terpenes in the plant. However, may be the best and most effective way to feel the therapeutic effects of cannabis. All plants, not just cannabis, produce terpenes. However, cannabis plants have more terpenes than any other plant genus.

So what are terpenes? There are currently at least 20 000 different terpenes, and cannabis or industrial hemp plants contain more than 100 of these terpenes. However, a couple of terpenes are present in high concentrations in hemp and industrial hemp plants.


Myrcene terpene

Myrcene terpene, also found in mangoes, is the most common terpene in cannabis plants. Some plant terpenes can contain up to 65% myrcene. Myrcene is often used to determine whether a cannabis strain is Indica or Sativa. Plants with more than 0,5 % myrcene are classified as indica.

In addition to its anti-inflammatory and anti-catabolic properties, myrcene also has relaxant properties, which are discussed in more detail in the paper “Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory, anti-catabolic and pro-anabolic effects of E-caryophyllene, myrcene, and limonene in a cell model of osteoarthritis.”

Limonene terpene

Limonene terpene, the second most abundant terpene in cannabis, can also be found in various citrus fruits. It is responsible for the smell of citrus fruits. However, it may not be found in all cannabis strains. Limonene has strong antifungal (as reported by Nengguo Tao in an article in the Food Chemistry) and antibacterial properties (confirmed by studies carried out by Yingjie Han), and its wonderful smell has led to its frequent use as an additive in household cleaning and cosmetic products. In addition, animal studies have shown that limonene can help reduce stress and improve mood.

myrcene Limonene pinene linalool caryophyllene humulene terpene

The terpene pinene

Terpene pinene is commonly found in pine trees and gives pine needles their unique scent. There are two varieties of pinene. Alpha, responsible for the beautiful aroma of pine, and beta, which has a smell reminiscent of rosemary, dill, or parsley. Pinene is a potent bronchodilator, and, according to a paper by Zhao Y., alpha-pinene has been shown to inhibit the growth of prostate cancer in a xenograft model (a xenograft is a medical procedure in which tissue or organs are transplanted from one species of animal to another). This suggests that pinene may be an effective therapeutic tool for prostate cancer. Pinene also has potent anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, which have been used in herbal medicines for centuries.

Linalool terpene

If you know about the relaxing effects of lavender, you know about the terpene linalool. Linalool terpene is well known for its stress-reducing, anxiety-reducing (“Effects of inhaled Linalool in anxiety, social interaction and aggressive behavior in mice,” V.M. Linck et al.) and antidepressant (Silvia Laura Guzmán-Gutiérrez et al. Life sciences) effects. Terpene linalool may help to reverse the anxiety-inducing side effects sometimes caused by THC, making it an excellent choice for treating anxiety.

Caryophyllene terpene

This caryophyllene terpene has a spicy, woody, peppery smell and is also found in black pepper and cinnamon. Studies show it can effectively treat anxiety, depression, and inflammation (Eun-Sang Hwang article in Behavioural Brain Research).

Humulene terpene

Other strains of cannabis increase appetite, which can be helpful for those suffering from conditions that cause nausea or loss of appetite, but strains containing humulene can help reduce the need. Humulene terpene, found in hops, cloves, and basil, has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. The results of Atiqur Rahman and other researchers show that it can be used as a preservative or antimicrobial in the food, pharmaceutical, and agricultural industries.

Cannabis or industrial hemp contains about 100 terpenes, each with specific effects. Together with other cannabinoids and terpenes, the future of cannabis may lie in breeding varieties rich in certain terpenes and cannabinoids to develop types with particular results.

terpene benefits

Terpene benefits

Some of the potential terpene benefits of CBD may include:

Terpenes for pain reliefTerpenes for pain with CBD have been shown to have analgesic effects. And certain terpenes, such as caryophyllene, may also have analgesic properties.
Terpenes for anxietyCBD ant terpenes for anxiety have been shown to have anxiety-reducing and stress-reducing effects. And certain terpenes, such as linalool, may also have these effects.
Terpenes for sleepCBD and terpenes for sleep may help improve sleep, and certain terpenes, such as myrcene, may also have sedative effects.
Benefits of terpenes for inflammationAlso there are benefits of terpenes for reducing inflammation. CBD has anti-inflammatory effects, and certain terpenes, such as pinene and caryophyllene, may also have anti-inflammatory properties.
Terpene benefits
benefits of terpenes for anxiety sleep inflammation

It’s important to note that research on the potential benefits of CBD terpenes is still in the early stages. So more research is needed to fully understand their effects. It’s also important to remember that individual responses to CBD and terpenes can vary, and it’s always best to speak with a healthcare professional before adding any new supplements to your routine.